Technical Images, Slides, Graphics, & Diagrams

Abundances
Elemental abundances in the solar photosphere (red) and CI-chondrites (blue) on a scale where Si= 1 million atoms as a function of atomic number.
Elemental abundances in the solar photosphere (red) and CI-chondrites (blue) on a scale where Si= 1 million atoms as a function of atomic number. Data from Lodders, Palme, & Gail 2009.
Elemental abundance ratios in the photosphere over CI-chondrites as a function of atomic number. The scale is fixed to Si = 1. Only elements with well-determined abundances are shown.
Elemental abundance ratios in the photosphere over CI-chondrites as a function of atomic number. The scale is fixed to Si = 1. Only elements with well-determined abundances are shown. Data from Lodders, Palme, & Gail 2009.
A periodic table of the chemical elements with information of atomic abundances and condensation temperatures. The affinity of an element during condensation is indicated by colors. The data are tabulated in Lodders (2003) and Lodders, Palme, &Gail (2009)
A periodic table of the chemical elements with information of atomic abundances and condensation temperatures. The affinity of an element during condensation is indicated by colors. The data are tabulated in Lodders (2003) and Lodders, Palme, &Gail (2009)
Planetary/Meteorites
Elemental abundance ratios in CM- over CI chondrites are decreasing with decreasing 50% condensation temperatures
Elemental abundance ratios in CM- over CI chondrites are decreasing with decreasing 50% condensation temperatures, independent of geochemical affinity (as indicated by the symbol colors)
Elemental abundance ratios in CV- over CI chondrites are decreasing with decreasing 50% condensation temperatures, independent of geochemical affinity (as indicated by the symbol colors)
Elemental abundance ratios in CV- over CI chondrites are decreasing with decreasing 50% condensation temperatures, independent of geochemical affinity (as indicated by the symbol colors).
A simple depiction of the Urey-Craig diagram. For chondritic meteorite groups (blue) and planetary objects (red) the metal and sulfide content is plotted versus the fraction of FeO of (FeO+MgO) in the silicates. The FeO mole percent is a measure of the oxidation state.
A simple depiction of the Urey-Craig diagram. For chondritic meteorite groups (blue) and planetary objects (red) the metal and sulfide content is plotted versus the fraction of FeO of (FeO+MgO) in the silicates. The FeO mole percent is a measure of the oxidation state.
The letters "CAI" for Calcium Aluminum-rich Inclusions are written using the names of many researchers who study them.
The letters “CAI” for Calcium Aluminum-rich Inclusions are written using the names of many researchers who study them. From Lodders 2016, talk at the Meteoritical Society Meeting in Berlin.
Sub-stellar Objects, Exoplanets, Brown Dwarfs
Cloud layers in Jupiter, brown dwarf objects (T-dwarfs, L-dwarfs) and M-dwarf stars. The cooler the outer atmosphere of an object, the more cloud layers made of different chemical composition can be present.
Cloud layers in Jupiter, brown dwarf objects (T-dwarfs, L-dwarfs) and M-dwarf stars. The cooler the outer atmosphere of an object, the more cloud layers made of different chemical composition can be present.
Black and white version of the cloud layer diagram also shown on this page.
Black and white version of the cloud layer diagram also shown on this page.

see K. Lodders 2004 Brown Dwarfs: Faint at Heart, Rich in Chemistry. Science303, 323-324. reprint

From the Press

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